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دست نوشت های یک مهندس علوم دامی - LIST OF TESTS FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE
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LIST OF TESTS FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE


The table below lists diagnostic tests in two categories: ‘prescribed’ and ‘alternative’. Prescribed tests
are required by the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code for the international movement of animals
and animal products and are considered optimal for determining the health status of animals. In the
Terrestrial Manual these tests are printed in blue. At present it is not possible to have prescribed
tests for every listed disease. Alternative tests are those that are suitable for the diagnosis of disease
within a local setting, and can also be used in the import/export of animals after bilateral agreement.
There are often other tests described in the chapters that may also be of some practical value in local
situations or that may still be under development.
Chapter No. Disease name Prescribed
tests
Alternative
tests
2.1.1. Anthrax – –
2.1.2. Aujeszky’s disease ELISA, VN –
2.1.3. Bluetongue Agent id., AGID,
ELISA, PCR
VN
2.1.4. Echinococcosis/Hydatidosis – –
2.1.5. Foot and mouth disease ELISA*, VN CF
2.1.6. Heartwater – ELISA, IFA
2.1.7. Japanese encephalitis – –
2.1.8. Leishmaniosis – Agent id.
2.1.9. Leptospirosis – MAT
2.1.10. New World screwworm (Cochliomyia
hominivorax) and Old World screwworm
(Chrysomya bezziana)
– Agent id.
2.1.11. Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease) – DTH, ELISA
2.1.12. Q fever – CF
2.1.13. Rabies ELISA, VN –
2.1.14. Rift Valley fever VN ELISA, HI
2.1.15. Rinderpest ELISA VN
2.1.16. Trichinellosis Agent id. ELISA
2.1.17. Trypanosoma evansi infections (including
surra)
– –
2.1.18. Tularemia – Agent id.
2.1.19. Vesicular stomatitis CF, ELISA, VN –
2.1.20. West Nile fever – –
2.2.1. Acarapisosis of honey bees – –
2.2.2. American foulbrood of honey bees – –
* Please refer to Terrestrial Manual chapters to verify which method is prescribed.
List of tests for international trade
xii OIE Terrestrial Manual 2008
Chapter No. Disease name Prescribed
tests
Alternative
tests
2.2.3. European foulbrood of honey bees – –
2.2.4. Nosemosis of bees – –
2.2.5. Small hive beetle infestation
(Aethina tumida)
– –
2.2.6. Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees
(Tropilaelaps spp.)
– –
2.2.7 Varroosis of honey bees – –
2.3.1. Avian chlamydiosis – –
2.3.2. Avian infectious bronchitis – ELISA, HI, VN
2.3.3. Avian infectious laryngotracheitis – AGID, ELISA, VN
2.3.4. Avian influenza Virus isolation with
pathogenicity
testing
AGID, HI
2.3.5. Avian mycoplasmosis
(Mycoplasma gallisepticum, M. synoviae)
– Agg., HI
2.3.6. Avian tuberculosis – Agent id.,
Tuberculin test
2.3.7. Duck virus enteritis – –
2.3.8. Duck virus hepatitis – –
2.3.9. Fowl cholera – –
2.3.10. Fowl pox – –
2.3.11. Fowl typhoid and Pullorum disease – Agent id., Agg.
2.3.12. Infectious bursal disease
(Gumboro disease)
– AGID, ELISA
2.3.13. Marek’s disease – AGID
2.3.14. Newcastle disease – HI
2.3.15. Turkey rhinotracheitis (avian
metapneumovirus)
– –
2.4.1. Bovine anaplasmosis – CAT, CF
2.4.2. Bovine babesiosis – CF, ELISA, IFA
2.4.3. Bovine brucellosis BBAT, CF,
ELISA, FPA

2.4.4. Bovine cysticercosis – Agent id.
2.4.5. Bovine genital campylobacteriosis Agent id. –
2.4.6. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy – –
2.4.7. Bovine tuberculosis Tuberculin test Gamma interferon test
2.4.8. Bovine viral diarrhoea Agent id. –
2.4.9. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia CF, ELISA –
2.4.10. Dermatophilosis – –
2.4.11. Enzootic bovine leukosis AGID, ELISA PCR
2.4.12. Haemorrhagic septicaemia – Agent id.
2.4.13. Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/
infectious pustular vulvovaginitis
Agent id. (semen
only), ELISA, PCR,
VN

List of tests for international trade
OIE Terrestrial Manual 2008 xiii
2.4.14. Lumpy skin disease – VN
Chapter No. Disease name Prescribed
tests
Alternative
tests
2.4.15. Malignant catarrhal fever – IFA, PCR, VN
2.4.16. Theileriosis Agent id., IFA –
2.4.17. Trichomonosis Agent id. Mucus agg.
2.4.18. Trypanosomosis (Tsetse-transmitted) – IFA
2.5.1. African horse sickness CF, ELISA Agent id. (real-time
PCR), VN
2.5.2. Contagious equine metritis Agent id. –
2.5.3. Dourine CF ELISA, IFA
2.5.4. Epizootic lymphangitis – –
2.5.5. Equine encephalomyelitis
(Eastern and Western)
– CF, HI, PRN
2.5.6. Equine infectious anaemia AGID ELISA
2.5.7. Equine influenza – HI
2.5.8. Equine piroplasmosis ELISA, IFA CF
2.5.9. Equine rhinopneumonitis – VN
2.5.10. Equine viral arteritis Agent id. (semen
only), VN

2.5.11. Glanders CF, Mallein test –
2.5.12. Horse mange – Agent id.
2.5.13. Horse pox – –
2.5.14. Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis – CF, HI, PRN
2.6.1. Myxomatosis – AGID, CF, IFA
2.6.2. Rabbit haemorrhagic disease – HI
2.7.1. Border disease Agent id. –
2.7.2. Caprine and ovine brucellosis
(excluding Brucella ovis)
BBAT, CF Brucellin test, FPA
2.7.3/4. Caprine arthritis/encephalitis & Maedi-visna AGID, ELISA –
2.7.5. Contagious agalactia – –
2.7.6. Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia CF –
2.7.7. Enzootic abortion of ewes
(ovine chlamydiosis)
– CF
2.7.8. Nairobi sheep disease – –
2.7.9. Ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis) CF ELISA
2.7.10. Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma
(adenomatosis)
– –
2.7.11. Peste des petits ruminants VN ELISA
2.7.12. Salmonellosis (S. abortusovis) – –
2.7.13. Scrapie – –
2.7.14. Sheep pox and goat pox – VN
2.8.1. African swine fever ELISA IFA
List of tests for international trade
xiv OIE Terrestrial Manual 2008
2.8.2. Atrophic rhinitis of swine – –
2.8.3. Classical swine fever (hog cholera) ELISA, FAVN,
NPLA

Chapter No. Disease name Prescribed
tests
Alternative
tests
2.8.4. Nipah virus encephalitis – –
2.8.5. Porcine brucellosis ELISA BBAT, FPA
2.8.6. Porcine cysticercosis – –
2.8.7. Porcine reproductive and
respiratory syndrome
– ELISA, IFA, IPMA
2.8.8. Swine influenza – –
2.8.9. Swine vesicular disease VN ELISA
2.8.10. Teschovirus encephalomyelitis (previously
enterovirus encephalomyelitis or
Teschen/Talfan disease)
– VN
2.8.11. Transmissible gastroenteritis – VN, ELISA
2.9.1. Bunyaviral diseases of animals (excluding
Rift Valley fever)
– –
2.9.2. Camelpox – –
2.9.3. Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli – –
2.9.4. Cryptosporidiosis – –
2.9.5. Cysticercosis – Agent id.
2.9.6. Hendra and Nipah virus diseases – –
2.9.8. Listeria monocytogenes – –
2.9.8. Mange – Agent id.
2.9.9. Salmonellosis – Agent id.
2.9.10. Toxoplasmosis – –
2.9.11. Verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli – –
2.9.12. Zoonoses transmissible from non-human
primates
– –
Note: The tests prescribed by the Terrestrial Animal Health Code for the purposes of international trade are printed
in blue in this Terrestrial Manual.
Abbreviations
Agent id. Agent identification HI Haemagglutination inhibition
Agg. Agglutination test IFA Indirect fluorescent antibody
AGID Agar gel immunodiffusion IPMA Immunoperoxidase monolayer assay
BBAT Buffered Brucella antigen test MAT Microscopic agglutination test
CAT Card agglutination test NPLA Neutralising peroxidase-linked assay
CF Complement fixation PCR Polymerase chain reaction
DTH Delayed-type hypersensitivity PRN Plaque reduction neutralisation
ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay VN Virus neutralisation
FAVN Fluorescent antibody virus neutralisation – No test designated yet
FPA

 
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